Archive for March, 2011
Human Space Flight To Mars, by: Jerry Black
Program: Tuesday, April 19 (See newsletter for program details)
Reservation Deadline: Thursday, April 14th – 6:00 p.m.
1hr P.E. C.E. Credit (Free to members, $5.00 non-members)
Reservation: Online Reservation HERE (Required for lunch or P. E.-C.E. Certificate)
Newsletter Download: HERE (Program Details)
When: April 19, 2011 – Lunch @ 11:30 a.m. Program @ 1:00 p.m.
Where: Evergreen Retirement Community, 230 W Galbraith Rd. Cincinnati, OH 45215 Ph:513-948-2308 Directions: HERE
You can always attend the program at no charge.
This talk outlines the challenges of a human Mars mission, including radiation protection, counteracting the effects of weightlessness, psychological factors, reliability, and others. We will also examine what propulsion systems might be used, the possible use of nuclear systems for propulsion and power, in situ propellant production, propellant depots, and other advanced technologies. Finally, we will discuss why the human exploration and settlement of Mars is a must.
Jerry’s first job was at Bell Aerosystems where he worked on testing various rocket engines, including the engine for the ascent stage of the Apollo lunar module. Later he worked for 39 years at GE Aircraft Engines in Evendale, Ohio, before retiring in 2008.
Jerry has a lifelong interest in space travel and is a member of several space related organizations, including the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the National Space Society, the Planetary Society, and is a founding member of the Mars Society. He is currently the chairman of the Ohio chapter of the Mars Society.
Special DVD Offer on Nuclear Power Generation: See the newsletter for a special DVD offer on “Nuclear Power Generation” at our cost of $5.00, includes shipping and handling.
March 30th, 2011
Cognitive Radio Technology
DATE: Thursday, March 24, 2011
PLACE : Raffel’s – 10160 Reading Road (see below for directions)
TIME : 5:30 p.m. to 6:00 p.m. - Social Time
6:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. - Dinner
7:00 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. - Presentation
COST: $12- $20, See information in Reservations
MENU SELECTIONS: Buffet Menu: BBQ’d Ribs, Marinated Char Grilled Chicken Breast, Au Gratin Potatoes, Steamed Fresh Broccoli, Cole Slaw, Tossed Salad, Dinner Rolls and Butter. There is also a bar available for the purchase of alcoholic drinks.
LOCATION: Raffel’s is located at 10160 Reading Road, south of Glendale-Milford Road on the east side of Reading. Take I-75 to the Glendale-Milford Rd. Exit, go east on Glendale-Milford Road approximately ¾ of a mile to Reading Rd. and turn right on Reading.
RESERVATIONS: (Please note New Procedure) New on-line reservation system. Please make reservations for this meeting by going to: Cognitive Radio Technology meeting . You may pay on-line via PayPal, or by cash or check at the door.
On-line dinner reservation: $12.00 (member), $15.00 (non-member).
All dinner reservations close at noon on March 22, 2011.
Walk-in dinner rate (i.e. no reservation): $15.00 (member), $20.00 (non-member). No guarantee that meals will be available for walk-ins. Cash or check only. Valid IEEE Membership card required for member rate.
** You are welcome to attend this meetings without purchasing dinner – Registration is requested**
Voice Mail reservations have been eliminated.
PE CREDITS: Depending on the subject matter, attendance at IEEE Cincinnati Section Meetings now qualifies the attendee for Professional Development Hours towards renewal of Professional Engineers Licenses. Required documentation will be available following the meeting! The Section Meetings also provide a great opportunity to network with fellow engineers in the area.
ABOUT THE MEETING:
The Cincinnati Chapter of the IEEE is proud to offer a presentation of the state of the art in Cognitive Radio Technology by two leading experts in the field, Dr. James Neel, President and co-founder of Cognitive Radio Technologies (CRT), and David Maldonado, Business Development manager at L-3 Nova Engineering. This emerging technology is having a profound effect on the way radios and frequency spectrum will be used in the future. Both gentleman are graduates of Virginia Tech, a pioneering institution in cognitive radio technologies.
From Wikipedia: “Cognitive radio is a paradigm for wireless communication in which either a network or a wireless node changes its transmission or reception parameters to communicate efficiently avoiding interference with licensed or unlicensed users. This alteration of parameters is based on the active monitoring of several factors in the external and internal radio environment, such as radio frequency spectrum, user behavior and network state.
The idea of cognitive radio was first presented officially by Joseph Mitola III in a seminar at KTH, The Royal Institute of Technology, in 1998, published later in an article by Mitola and Gerald Q. Maguire, Jr in 1999. It was a novel approach in wireless communications that Mitola later described as:
The point in which wireless personal digital assistants (PDAs) and the related networks are sufficiently computationally intelligent about radio resources and related computer-to-computer communications to detect user communications needs as a function of use context, and to provide radio resources and wireless services most appropriate to those needs.
It was thought of as an ideal goal towards which a software-defined radio platform should evolve: a fully reconfigurable wireless black-box that automatically changes its communication variables in response to network and user demands.”
ABOUT THE PRESENTERS:
Dr. James Neel is the President of Cognitive Radio Technologies, which he founded in 2007 with Dr. Jeff Reed to commercialize cognitive radio research from Virginia Tech. The leading small business for incorporating artificial intelligence into wireless networks with three SBIRs on cognitive spectrum management and contracts on topics ranging from applying behavioral learning to detecting the intention of wireless networks to rapidly deployable networks for disaster responses. Dr Neel is the Chair of the Cognitive Radio Work Group in the Wireless Innovation Forum (formerly the SDR Forum), and has received three paper awards for the design of cognitive radio networks.
Mr. David Maldonado is currently the Manager of the Advanced Programs and New Technologies Development Group at L-3 Nova Engineering. In addition, Mr. Maldonado is part of the Business Development group. In his combined role, Mr. Maldonado is responsible for identifying new technologies and emerging markets of business development. He is also part of the company’s Internal Research and Development (IRAD) selection committee. It is in this capacity that Mr. Maldonado has participated in the system engineering of various next generation SDR-based communications systems and supported integration, test and evaluation of Cognitive Radio algorithms into the company’s product offerings. Mr. Maldonado has also contributed to the creation of a tightly integrated development process between the modeling, simulation and hardware development teams to ensure a successful and more effective transition of innovations to deployable systems. Much of this work has been integral to L-3 Nova Engineering’s maturation, rapid integration and transition of technologies developed in conjunction with Small Business and University partners directly impacting DoD developments such as the JTRS WNW waveform program.
Mr. Maldonado obtained his MS from Virginia Tech (VT) where he is currently working on his PhD degree. As part of his work, Mr. Maldonado was one of the pioneers of the Center for Wireless Telecommunications (CWT) Cognitive Engine (CE) at VT. He has been part of Cognitive Radio developments since its inception and an active participant of the Wireless Innovation Forum (formerly the SDR Forum) Cognitive Radio Working Group where he held Vice-Chair and Chair positions.
Prior to Joining L-3 Nova Engineering, Mr. Maldonado held a District Sales Manager position at Anritsu Company as part of their wireless Test and Measurement (T&M) group where he served as a liaison between Sales, Marketing and Engineering groups. Mr. Maldonado’s career in advanced wireless development started in the commercial arena as an RF engineer of Ericsson’s Mobile Handset R&D group.
March 4th, 2011
The following individuals are IEEE members who are new to our Section:
We wish to welcome these members to the Cincinnati Section!!!
If you are interested in upgrading your membership to Senior Member, please contact any member of the Executive Committee.
March 4th, 2011
Scanning the Past: A History of Electrical Engineering from the Past
Submitted by Marc Bell, Editor
Copyright 1997 IEEE. Reprinted with permission from the IEEE publication, “Scanning the Past” which covers a reprint of an article appearing in the Proceedings of the IEEE Vol. 85, No. 2, February 1997.
Rudolf Kompfner and the Traveling-Wave TYibe
Fifty years ago this month, the PROCEEDINGS OF THE RADIO ENGINEERS (IRE) included a paper by Rudolf Kompfner (see Fig. 1) on the traveling-wave tube as a microwave amplifier. At the time he was affiliated with the Clarendon Laboratory of Oxford University in England. He received the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1973 as recognition of having made “a major contribution to worldwide communication through the conception of the traveling-wave tube embodying a new principle of amplification.” He also made significant contributions to the development of communication using earth satellites.
Kompfner was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1909. He graduated with a degree in architecture from the Technische Hochschule in Vienna in 1933. In 1934, he moved to England, where he worked as an architect and developed a vocational interest in radio and electronic tubes. He took advantage of the facilities available at the Patent Office Library and began to write for radio journals in his spare time. After the outbreak of World War II in 1939, he was interned as an alien on the Isle of Man but was released in 1941 to join the staff of an advanced electronics laboratory at the University of Birmingham. The laboratory was directed by Mark L. Oliphant and was the site of the demonstration of the resonant cavity magnetron as a high-power microwave generator by Henry A. H. Boot and John T. Randall early in 1940.
Assigned to work on development of a klystron amplifier, Kompfner determined that the coupling between the radio frequency field in resonator gaps and the electron beam was too weak to give suitable results. In the fall of 1942 he came up with the idea of creating an interaction between a traveling electromagnetic wave and an electron beam. In a notebook entry dated November 12, 1942, he mentioned “a completely untuned amplifier” and his sketch showed a helix between the input signal and output (see Fig. 2). For a time he called it a “helical coaxial-line amplifier.” Several colleagues left the laboratory to take up research related to atomic bombs, but Kompfner continued to work on the traveling wave concept as “spare-time amusement” from his principal assignment of klystrons. He obtained amplifi¬cation (see Fig. 3) for the first time with an experimental traveling-wave tube (Fig. 4) on November 1, 1943. In 1944, he was transferred to the Clarendon Laboratory at Oxford where he and Joseph Hatton, a research assistant, continued theoretical and experimental research on the new device. They shared their findings with John R. Pierce of the Bell Telephone Laboratories who visited Oxford in 1944 and who soon produced a more elegant theory of traveling-wave tubes.
Information about the research on traveling-wave tubes remained secret until June 1946 when Joseph Hatton pre¬sented a paper about it at an electron tube conference at Yale University. More complete information was provided by Kompfner’s paper in the February 1947 issue of the PROCEEDINGS and two papers by Pierce (one with L. M. Field as coauthor) in the same issue. Pierce’s book Traveling-Wave Tubes was published in 1950. Kompfner received a doctorate in physics from Oxford in 1951 and joined Pierce’s group at the Bell Laboratories the same year. Continuing work he had started in England, Kompfner developed a backward-wave oscillator and amplifier which could be tuned electronically. He disclosed this discovery at a tube conference in Ottawa, Canada, in June 1952.
Kompfner began theoretical work on earth satellite com-munication by 1958 and published a joint paper with Pierce in the March 1959 PROCEEDINGS OF THE IRE, entitled ‘Transoceanic Communication by Means of Satellites.” They considered both passive and active satellites and concluded that they had “a great deal of confidence in the overall feasibility of satellite communications.” Their work contributed to such early projects as the passive satellite Echo launched in 1960 and the active repeater satellite Telstar in 1962.
Kompfner retired from Bell Laboratories and subse¬quently taught at Stanford University and at Oxford. He was elected to both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. His book The Invention of the Traveling-Wave Tube was published by San Francisco Press in 1964. His colleague John Pierce wrote that the book “can tell you something of the strange and wonderful ways in which important inventions and discoveries are actually made.”
Kompfner died in December 1977 at age 68.
 IEEE Center for the History of Electrical Engineering.  R. Kompfner, The Invention of the Traveling Wave Tube. San Francisco: San Francisco Press, 1964.
James E. Brittain
March 4th, 2011
NEWS from IEEE-USA
2001 L Street, N.W., Suite 700
Washington, DC 20036-4910
IEEE/IEEE-USA’s New Face of Engineering Honored for Technological Innovations Benefiting Women and Children
WASHINGTON (1 March 2011) — Sampathkumar Veeraraghavan was recognized as the IEEE/IEEE-USA’s 2011 New Face of Engineering during National Engineer Week for developing technological solutions that improve the lives of disabled and impoverished women and children in India.Veeraraghavan was one of 14 engineers recognized for this international honor and featured in a full-page ad in USA Today on 21 February: http://www.eweek.org/Site/Engineers/newfaces2011/EWEEK_New_Faces.pdf I’m humbled by this honor and would like to dedicate it to the disabled children that benefit from our programs,” Veeraraghavan said. “The recognition has motivated me to strongly pursue my passion toward designing engineering solutions to solve global humanitarian issues. In coming years, I will continue working to develop more technological solutions, and will strive hard to bring many more positives changes to the living conditions of people with disabilities.” Engineers Week (EWeek) was celebrated in the United States 20-26 February.Veeraraghavan, 27, is a component design engineer with the Intel Corp. and lives in Hudson, Mass. He earned his master’s degree in electrical engineering from Tufts University in Medford, Mass., in May 2010.After graduating from India’s Anna University with a bachelor’s degree in computer science and engineering in 2005, Veeraraghavan visited a local school for developmentally disabled children in Chennai, India, where he saw children with autism, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome and other disorders. Their needs varied so much that proper therapy was impossible.So he and a group of medical professionals developed the Automated Screening System for Developmental Disorders, a 30-minute screening procedure that assists in the early detection of autism in children as young as 18 months.
According to a 2008 story in The Institute, the procedure “evaluates the child’s fine and gross motor, social, and language skills through 48 questions aimed at the primary caretaker, and includes artificial-intelligence gaming systems for the child. The screening system assigns each question or task a different numerical value that, when computed, add up to a score that could suggest symptoms of autism.”
The entire article is available at http://www.ieee.org/portal/site/tionline/menuitem.130a3558587d56e8fb2275875bac26c8/index.jsp?&pName=institute_level1_article&TheCat=1016&article=tionline/legacy/inst2008/may08/profile.xml&
Veeraraghavan recently created India’s first online database to collect and analyze information on the physically and mentally disabled. The Information System on Human and Health Services is helping to close the sizable gap in medical resources available to women and children in urban vs. rural areas. More than two million people in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu have been impacted by the system. Veeraraghavan has received numerous awards from IEEE and other organizations for his humanitarian work.The New Faces of Engineering program is sponsored by the National Engineers Week Foundation, a coalition of engineering societies, major corporations and government agencies. The program highlights the vitality, diversity and rich contributions of engineers under 30. They are honored annually during EWeek. IEEE-USA has participated in the program since its inception in 2003.A New Faces of Engineering, College Edition, is being started to promote the accomplishments of fourth- and fifth-year engineering students. It will highlight their academic success and student contributions to the industry and sponsoring society.
Discover Engineering Family Day Shatters Attendance Record; IEEE-USA Recognizes New Face of Engineering, Presents Awards at Future City Competition
WASHINGTON (25 February 2011) — Discover Engineering Family Day drew a National Building Museum one-day record 13,994 visitors on Saturday 19 February to kick off National Engineers Week activities in the nation’s capital. IEEE-USA, which played a leadership role in the launch of the first Family Day in 1993, is one of the event’s major sponsors.Family Day introduces children to basic engineering concepts with hands-on and thought-provoking activities. At IEEE-USA’s exhibit, children learned about what type of materials conduct electricity and how basic electrical circuits and light bulbs operate. See Washington FOX 5 coverage at http://www.myfoxdc.com/dpp/mornings/holly_live/holly-morris-discover-engineering-family-day-021811#. On Tuesday, IEEE-USA President Ron Jensen presented awards to two teams at the Future City Competition National Finals: the third-place award to Davidson (N.C.) IB Middle School; and the Best Communications System Award to the Alexander Dawson School of Las Vegas. The third-place team will receive a $2,000 scholarship from IEEE-USA for the school’s science and technology program. IEEE-USA EWeek liaison Murty Polavarapu and fellow Virginia IEEE member Kiki Ikossi judged the communications award. Each of those students will also receive a $100 U.S. Savings Bond.The Future City Competition (www.futurecity.org), conceived in IEEE-USA offices in 1993, is designed to promote technological literacy and engineering to middle school students. Under the guidance of an engineer/mentor and teacher, children create their own vision of a future city, working first on computer and then constructing three-dimensional scale models. The students also have to write an essay about a predetermined challenge the city might face.More than 1,100 schools and 33,000 students from across the United States competed during the 2010-11 season. Thirty-five regional champions earned a trip to Washington for the National Finals. Sampathkumar Veeraraghavan was recognized as the IEEE/IEEE-USA New Face of Engineering. An electrical engineer and recent graduate of Tufts University, Veeraraghavan develops technological solutions to global humanitarian issues for disabled and impoverished women and children. He was one of 14 engineers featured in a full-page ad in USA Today on Monday: http://www.eweek.org/Site/Engineers/newfaces2011/EWEEK_New_Faces.pdf. The New Faces of Engineering recognition program is sponsored by the National Engineers Week Foundation, a coalition of engineering societies, major corporations and government agencies. The program highlights the vitality, diversity and rich contributions of engineers under 30. They are honored annually during Engineers Week.A New Faces of Engineering, College Edition, program is being started to promote the accomplishments of fourth- and fifth-year engineering students. It will highlight their academic success and student contributions to the industry and sponsoring society.
The Global Marathon For, By and About Women in Engineering and Technology will be staged across the globe 7-12 March. This Engineers Week event is an annual worldwide forum connecting professional women, college students and girls for virtual and in-person conversations about education and careers in engineering and technology. http://www.eweek.org/EngineersWeek/GlobalMarathon.aspx?ContentID=244
Electric Vehicles to Take Center Stage at IEEE-USA Workshop in Austin
WASHINGTON (25 February 2011) — The new Chevrolet Volt and Nissan Leaf will be featured attractions at the IEEE-USA Electric Vehicles & Personal Transportation Workshop on Friday 4 March at the Renaissance Austin (Texas) Hotel. The event will explore the challenges and opportunities of electric vehicle transportation and feature eight panels of more than 20 technology, industry, academic and policy experts.Craig Eppling, a regional communications manager for General Motors, will discuss the Volt on the electric vehicle market panel. He will be joined by Mark Perry, director of product planning for Nissan America; and Rob Ferber, chief technology officer for KLD Energy Technologies. Ferber is a former science director at Tesla Motors and was responsible for Tesla’s early drive train integration of motor, controller and battery systems.The Volt, which uses electricity at all times to run the vehicle, has an all-electric range of 35 to 40 miles. After that, an onboard gasoline-powered generator recharges the lithium-ion battery to extend your driving range another approximately 340 miles. The Leaf is 100 percent electric and uses no gasoline. It has a driving range of about 100 miles when fully charged and has to be recharged to drive further. Both cars are plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and use regenerative braking.Other workshop focus areas include charging infrastructure; PEVs and the electricity business; customer acceptance; managing PEV loads; electric vehicle policy issues; PEVs and the electric grid; and personal electric transportation.In addition to the Volt and Leaf, personal transportation devices such as electric scooters and bicycles are also scheduled to appear.
The cost for the workshop, which includes a buffet breakfast, lunch, coffee breaks and a post-event reception, is $175 for IEEE members and $200 for nonmembers. It will run from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more information and to register, see http://www.ieeeusa.org/calendar/workshops/EVPT/default.asp. Exhibit and sponsorship opportunities are available by contacting Colonel Mason at email@example.com or 214-329-4949. You can follow previews of the workshop on the ScienceNews Radio Network (http://www.promiseoftomorrow.biz/).
New IEEE-USA President Looks to Advance U.S. Innovation & Entrepreneurship
WASHINGTON (8 February 2011) — New IEEE-USA President Ron Jensen has identified advancing U.S. innovation, entrepreneurship and competitiveness as his priorities for 2011. “Engineers and technologists are innovators and job creators,” Jensen said. “The more technology specialists we unleash in the workforce, the better our opportunity to revitalize the U.S. economy. Our nation’s ability to innovate new products and services will help us to compete globally and create jobs in the United States.”Jensen, who became IEEE-USA president on 1 January, succeeds Evelyn Hirt. Jim Howard is president-elect.Jensen is encouraged by the recently announced public/private partnership, Startup America, and its potential to increase the number of new businesses that have high-growth, high job-creating potential. See http://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/startup-america .IEEE-USA supports and promotes high-tech entrepreneurship through programs like its Entrepreneurs Village, TechMatch and IEEE Alliance of Consultants Networks. In 2009, IEEE-USA entered into a partnership with the Small Business Administration to assist high-tech entrepreneurs starting new ventures. Federal and state resources are available at http://www.ieeeusa.org/careers/entrepreneurs/resources.asp#SBA. “I am especially interested in understanding how we can help our members become more innovative, entrepreneurial and competitive in the global economy,” Jensen said. “We have to understand what our members’ careers will be like 5 to 10 years from now and support their adjustment to that environment.”IEEE-USA will also work with other science and engineering organizations to encourage Congress to fund the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010. The legislation, which was signed into law in December, authorizes federal investment in science, engineering, innovation, technology and competitiveness. Its goal is to help the United States maintain its world technology leadership and to create jobs.Meet the New IEEE-USA PresidentRonald G. Jensen enjoyed a 40-year career with IBM. He held positions in semiconductor development and applications, chip development, system design, systems architecture, management and project management. He assisted in the development of several IBM families of computers and servers, and retired in 2009 as a chief engineering manager.Jensen’s professional interests range from systems architecture and embedded systems to technical education, management and strategic planning, to the use of the Internet, collaboration tools and social networking to build a professional environment.
Jensen became a student IEEE member in 1972, a member three years later and a senior member in 1999. He also holds membership in Eta Kappa Nu, the electrical and computer engineering honor society, and the Project Management Institute.
Jensen has held numerous IEEE volunteer leadership positions. Highlights include, among others, serving on the IEEE Board of Directors as Region 4 director in 2005-06, and chairing the IEEE Strategic Planning Committee in 2007-08. He is a member of the IEEE Computer Society, Technology Management Council and Women in Engineering affinity group. He was honored with an IEEE Third Millennium Medal in 2000.
Jensen and his wife, Marlene, live on Lake Zumbro outside of Rochester, Minn. They have two grown sons, Joel and Ryan, and three grandchildren, Emily, Lily and Dane.
For more on Jensen, check out the December issue of IEEE-USA In Action: http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieeeusa/ieeeusa_1210/#/22/OnePage
March 4th, 2011